Birth Control ImageBirth control is an important step to decrease the explosion of population in the world. The other aim is to prevent of sexual disease transmitted.

Complete info of birth control below can be used as a main consideration before choosing the one that suitable for you.

1. Condoms

Condom is used by a man what’re sheathes that trap and collect the sperm after ejaculation. By wearing them significantly decrease the chances of pregnancy. It’s also very effective to protect against HIV and STI (Sexually-Transmitted Infection).

Effectiveness and Side Effects

A condom’s effectiveness largely depends on the person who uses it. I a man pulls it roughly or only put it on halfway through intercourse, it will reduce the protection it offers. But, if it’s used correctly, condom has 98% effective. Maybe more effective compared with other forms of contraception.

There are some side effects of using condom such as any allergy with latex condoms and irritations of the penis from lubricants or spermicides.

2. Contraceptive Pills

This pill is containing of two female-type hormones like estrogen and progestogen. Combination usage can stop ovulating (producing an egg) every month. For your notice that if you do not ovulate, you never got pregnant. The other function is the hormone will thicken the secretion around your cervix and finally make the sperm is difficult to get through.

Effectiveness and Side Effects

Actually this contraception is very effective for women. Many mothers and women rely on it worldwide. If you take this pill exactly as prescribed, the effectiveness is almost 100%. This way is a most effective method for contraception or apart from sterilization.

Here are some side effects that you must know like nausea, breast tenderness, headache, slightly weight gain and spotting of blood between the periods. If you feel the side effects like above mentioned, you can consult with your Doctor and request to replace the pills with another brand.

3. IUD

IUD is a small object that’s inserted through the cervix and placed in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. There is a small string hangs down from the IUD into the upper part of the vagina. The IUD can last 1-10 years and not noticeable during intercourse. To be noted that IUD cannot protect against Sexual disease transmitted, HIV or AIDS. They work by changing the lining of the uterus and fallopian tubes and then affecting the movement of egg and sperm, so that the fertilization cannot occur.

Effectiveness & Side Effects

It’s very effective against pregnancy, maybe around 99%. If you want to get pregnant, remove the IUD and fertility returns to normal immediately. An IUD is usually inserted during a menstrual period when the cervix is slightly open and pregnancy is least likely. The procedure installing the IUD needs 5-15 minutes. Most women will feel cramping during and after insertion. Special drug is given to relieve cramping.

Side effects of using IUD is having longer, heavier on menstrual period like bleeding which can cause anemia in some women and also the cramping will increase as well. But the women reported that they decrease in blood flow and cramping or lighter experience of period or no more periods at all.

4. Contraceptive Injection

This injection contains hormones which injected into muscle and usually on the buttock. This medication prevents you from getting pregnant. The advantage of using contraceptive injection that you do not have to remember to keep on taking anything.

Effectiveness and Side Effects

They are very efficient and most Experts rate them around 99%. Your Doctor will give detail information if you are taking other medications. However, you do have to remember to turn up for your next injection.

Some side effects of this method are your period will be disrupted in some way. Another effects like prolonged period, headache, stomachache, dizziness, absent period and heavy periods.

5. Contraceptive Implants

Contraceptive implant is about the size of a thin match stick. It contains a hormone which called etonorgestrel. Most of women have it inserted under the skin of their left upper arm not far above the elbow. Contraceptive implant usually lasts for three years, some lasts for five years depending on the manufacturer and the hormone used.

Effectiveness and Side Effects

1 percent of this method is failure. Generally, the implant is inserted during the first five days after the start of your period and mainly to ensure that you are not pregnant. The device does not interfere with breast feeding.

The side effects are quite a few, the main one being frequent or prolonged vaginal bleeding which may affect a fifth of all users. The others are like spotting, weight gain, breast tenderness, depression or changes of level on sexual desire (libido). These side effects are rarely happen.

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