Radiology Archives

What are Covered by X-Ray Procedures?

X-ray procedure is the main diagnostic equipment in the Hospital or Medical Center in the word. This tool is very effective to diagnose the specific diseases or abnormalities of the patient’s body. The model of this machine is also variatif like mobile unit, fixed machine or rotated model.

How is the x-ray image produced? X-ray beam pass through to patient’s body and it absorbs x-ray wave depend on the different thick organs and captured by fluorescence screen within the cassette and processed via console machine to result x-ray image in the screen and can be print also. This machine is called as CR (Computed Radiography). This test is non-contrast examination.

Another test is using contrast or barium media like barium or iodine. Using this media, the x-ray images become detailed and easy to be detected every abnormalities of the patient. These tests such as:

–          BNO IVP

–          Barium Meal

–          Colon inloop

–          HSG

–          And so on

Below are some the advantages of x-ray examinations:

–             The test is quick except for older or severe sikness patients.

–             Patients feel painless or feel nothing.

–             The price of test is relatively cheap compared with CT-Scan and MRI.

–             X-ray radiation amount is small if compared with the benefit which patient receives.

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Causes and Features of Ascites Radiography

ascites causes and featuresAscites is a health problem which fluid collection within intraperitoneal region. Fluid will fill the space in the lining area of abdominal cavities.

If you feel your abdomen is bigger than usual, weight increase suddenly, difficult to breath if in laying down position, pain of abdomen, heartburn, bloating,  lost of appetite, nausea and vomiting do not hesitate to see your Doctor and check with diagnostic radiography to ensure whether it’s ascites or other abnormalities.

The causes of Ascites as follows:

  • Hepatic cirrhosis
  • Heart failure
  • Peritoneal dialysis
  • Abdominal Abscess
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Malignancy ascites
  • Peritonitis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Alcohol user
  • Kidney failure
  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis
  • And so on.

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How to make Extremities X-ray for Normal Patients?

SOP for x-ray extremityX-ray examinations for extremities are often taken in Hospital. There are 2 categories of extremities including the lower and upper parts.

The lower regions like foot, ankle, lower leg, knee, thigh area and the upper parts such as hand, wrist, lower arm, elbow and humerus. Both of them can be both sides (right and left).

We call it extremity because these organs can be used for rotating, moving or flexibility functions. Their role in the human body is really vital and important, so it’s vulnerable for fracture and dislocation, spur formations or calcification, arthrosisosteoporosis and the other abnormalities. Trauma and aging factors are also the main reasons why they can get more trouble.

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SOP of Abdominal x-ray for adult patientWe admitted that chest x-ray is the often radiological test. Besides that, abdominal x-ray is also important to be known especially for new visitors and new x-ray patients.

The purpose of knowing SOP of abdominal x-ray as follows:

– It’s important to minimize radiation exposure and x-ray repetition by X-Ray Technician.

– To avoid miscommunication between patient and Radiographer.

– You should understand what X-ray Tech has to do.

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GallBladder Problems using Radiologic TestsPain on the right upper abdomen is commonly caused by your gallbladder problem but it’s not always causes because liver disease, pancreas, right diaphragm, right lower chest area and intestinal tract matter are also the other root problems.

Some patients are advised to remove all materials in the gastrointestinal tract or fasting about 6 hours before examination to get the maximum and optimum result. This is the preparation purpose of x-ray and also for ultrasound. Superposition with those materials would disturb the quality of result images by both kinds of diagnostic tools that I mentioned above.

In this moment, I would like to explain about Radiologic examination techniques how to check your gallbladder appropriately. These tests are also can see the biliary tract that it’s also important to be confirmed including Cholecystitis.

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Function of Bone Age X-Ray

Bone Age x-rayWhat is a bone age? Bone age is degree of growth and maturation of children’s bone. Some Specialist like Pediatrician will face some problem of their patient if they are still child.

If you are a mother or parent that have a normal growth child is OK, but if they grow abnormal will ask for help for this matter.

The skeleton system will grow normally since baby up to adult. The steps from childhood, puberty up to adult need about 20 age of process. Chiropractic or Orthopedist can predict their growth from their bone. It’s still normal or not.

X-ray examination is one of the best tests to predict or analyze for the bone age. Specialist needs the left hand x-ray to analyze their bone’s maturity. Radiologist or Pediatric Endocrinologist will give interpretation about that photo.

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What is Abdominal X-Ray For?

What is Abdominal x-ray forI write this post with Title: “What is Abdominal X-ray For? Because many of my patients who come to my Hospital have questions like that.

In this moment, I would like to explain more detail about what all I knew, why many Doctors or Specialists sending their patient to do Abdominal x-ray.

Abdominal x-ray is also known as Plain Abdominal Radiograph because it’s done without preparation or fasting like BNO-IVP, Colon-Inloop, HSG or another diagnostic examinations.

The reasons of making Abdominal x-ray are below:

1. The simplest way to detect any abnormality without preparation if patient feels colic or emergency case in the abdominal area.

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Bone X-Ray

Bone xray imageMany patients who visited to my Hospital or Clinic asked me about what the functions of bone x-ray. Generally, they only know that bone x-ray is to see bony fractures or kind of broken.

Yes, they are not false. One of the function of bone xray is to see broken bone. In this momment, I would like to explain more detail about the objectives of bone xray. Xray is the main weapon for the Doctor to diagnose everything inside the patient’s body.

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Complete Info of Mammogram

Mammogram imageIf you are women and still young, healthy, do not have any breast complaints, I’m sure you never think about Mammogram or Mammography.

I can understand about it, but Mammogram is a breast screening that has many benefits and good step for preventing any disease related to your breast health.

Although this test is useful but should be done carefully because it uses x-ray radiation and some women will feel pain and uncomfortable during examination because of breast pressing by the plate of the mammogram equipment.

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Functions of BNO-IVP

BNO IVPI’m sure that most of you rarely hear about what BNO-IVP is. This examination is done if you have symptom of disease related with your urinary tract.

BNO-IVP (Blass Nier Oversich – Intra Venous Pyelogram) is one of the x-ray test which provide you more detailed information about structure and function on both kidneys, ureters and urinary bladder.

What is the preparation of BNO-IVP?

1. You must get the prescription first from your requested Doctor to buy English Salt to clean-up your colon from gas and feces.

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What is Sinus X-ray For?

Sinus x-rayHi mother..  in this moment, I will try to explain about the reasons why your Doctor send you to do Sinus x-ray at Radiology department.

Some of your symptoms are like dizzy, prolong flu, migraine, pain on the face, getting trauma, headache, nose blockage, liquid running nose, a lot of mucus, nose bleeding, foreign body, etc.

Based on the its requisition, X-Ray Technician will make 3 positions as Basic Standard Views. Water’s, PA (Postero-Anterior) and Lateral positions. With these positions, we can see from them such as facial bones, 4 sinuses (maxillary, sphenoid, frontalis and ethmoidalis), nasal septum,  orbita, zigomaticum, mandible, teeth and so on.

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Normal Chest Xray Criteria

Normal Chest X-rayMany of my patients asked me about the normal chest x-ray criteria if they take an x-ray. I want to share about this to all mothers in the world, so if they have relative, children or her husband have x-ray photo of the lung know about the abnormality indications.

You can see the part names of the Chest first and show you the normal limit signs.  The normal criteria, you can stick from Chest x-ray examination. In this moment I just explain the general descriptions as follows :

1. Lung

Lung contains of 2 lobes, right and left regions. They are usually a black sign in normal condition. “Why is it a black sign?” –> Yes, because they have a lot of air inside. If your lung apex has a white sign, it indicates like bronchovascular markings are coarse or increased that is a sign of Tuberculosis or Specific Process. It can be old process of active pulmonary disease depending on the texture.

There is a white sign on the bronchilar or hilar regions, it’s called Bronchitis. Bronchopneumonia can be seen if the coarse on the lower area of the chest. Chest mass is also can be noticed if the white sign is compact, sharp border, round shape with specific contour.

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